Kennel cough warning

Local vets are warning dog owners not to walk their infected pets in public during the current kennel cough outbreak.

By The Newsroom
Thursday, 25th September 2014, 10:04 am
Kennel cough can be distressing for dogs - and owners!
Kennel cough can be distressing for dogs - and owners!

Moira Crosbie from the Creebridge Veterinary Centre said: “We are basically just wanting to make dog owners aware that we have seen an unusually high number of dogs with the symptoms of kennel cough over the last few days, especially from the Newton Stewart and Minnigaff areas.

“Although it is not a dangerous infection it can be distressing for the dog (and the owner), with bouts of sneezing, coughing and sometimes retching. If anyone has any concerns about whether their dog may be showing signs of KC then they should contact us at the surgery for advice. We would recommend that if their dog is coughing then they should not be walking him/her in public areas or mixing with other dogs until the symptoms have cleared up as it is very infectious.”

Healthy dogs can still be walked in public places.

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You can contact the veterinary practice on 01671 402247.

What is kennel cough?

Kennel cough is an infection of the upper respiratory tract of the dog, and can be caused by a variety of different viruses and pathogens. Canine parainfluenza, adenovirus, coronavirus, distemper and some bacterial infections such as Bordetella bronchiseptica can all lead to a dog contracting the disease. Kennel cough is highly contagious, and will soon spread through a community of dogs kept in close quarters or that come into contact with each other when out on walks. Kennel cough in fact got its name by virtue of its prevalence and propensity to spread quickly between dogs housed in boarding kennels and dog shelters.

How is kennel cough transmitted?

Both viral and bacterial kennel cough is airborne, which is part of the reason why it is so highly contagious. The coughing and sneezing of affected dogs causes mucus and fluids containing the virus or bacteria to be diffused into the air, where they can be inhaled by other dogs. As with other types of viral and bacterial infections, the pathogen can sometimes survive outside of the body for long periods of time, meaning that toys, bowls and equipment that has come into contact with an affected dog can all harbour the condition, waiting to be picked up by an unsuspecting passing dog.

Can people catch kennel cough?

Surprisingly, kennel cough is one of the few canine conditions that can pass back and forth between humans and dogs; this is known as a zoonotic condition. People with a compromised immune system and young people whose immune system has not yet fully developed are most at risk of contracting the condition, but it is considered to be unusual and unlikely that the condition will affect healthy people, even after prolonged exposure to affected dogs.

The kennel cough vaccine

You can minimise the chances of your dog contracting kennel cough or becoming a carrier for the condition by having them vaccinated against the illness. The kennel cough vaccine is administered separately to the combined injectable vaccine given for other common conditions, and you may need to ask to have the kennel cough vaccine administered additionally, or check with your vet that this vaccination is performed as standard. The kennel cough vaccine usually takes the form of a nasal spray that produces a localised immunity within the cells of the nose to help to prevent the virus or bacteria from entering the lungs.

All reputable boarding kennels, dog shows, dog training classes and any other events where large groups of dogs will gather will insist that all dogs brought onto their site are vaccinated against the condition before attending.

Preventing kennel cough

The most effective way of preventing the contraction and transmission of kennel cough is of course to vaccinate your dog against the condition. Other steps you can take to minimise your dog’s exposure to the condition include:

Avoid compromising your dog’s immune system by ensuring that they stay fit and healthy, and avoid stress and exposure to extremes of temperature.

Make sure that your dog spends his time in a well ventilated environment, and try to minimise the contact that your dog has with a lot of other strange dogs in enclosed spaces.

Ensure that if you board your dog in a kennel or take them to any other event that will involve exposure to other large groups of dogs, that the organisation in question insists on vaccination for kennel cough for all dogs attending the premises.

Some of the symptoms of kennel cough to be on the lookout for include:

A persistent and very strong, forceful cough

A “reverse sneeze” sound, which is quite distinctive to a normal cough but does not present itself in all dogs

A dripping nose

Sore throat and inflammation of the throat

Kennel cough is often accompanied by sneezing

Inflamed and runny eyes may also accompany the condition

Loss of appetite and reduced energy levels

General lethargy and loss of interest in walking and the normal goings on of the household

Treating kennel cough

Kennel cough may go away on its own if your dog’s immune system is able to fight off the condition, although you should not automatically expect this to happen. Remember that the longer the condition persists for, the more compromised your dog’s immune system will become, and the worse it will affect your dog. Also, your dog will be carrying the condition and posing an infection risk to other dogs while suffering from the condition.

The veterinary treatment of kennel cough usually consists of medications to help to fight the condition, such as antibiotics to fight off the Bordetella bacteria. Cough suppressants and humidifiers may also be used to help to lessen the coughing itself, and so reduce the pain and inflammation that can accompany the cough.

The prognosis for dogs with kennel cough

Kennel cough can be serious in dogs with a compromised immune system, and careful monitoring of the condition is required to ensure that the infection does not progress to the lower respiratory tract and potentially cause pneumonia or other complications.

Generally though, the condition can be resolved within a few weeks, and most dogs make a full recovery from kennel cough. It is important to thoroughly disinfect any items that may have come into contact with a dog suffering from the condition, to avoid the condition being passed on to other dogs, which can sometimes happen a long time after the initial infection has been diagnosed and resolved.