In a submission made to a Scottish Government review of additional support for learning, RNIB Scotland stated that blind and partially sighted pupils required additional support over the course of their education in order to access the curriculum and achieve the same level as their sighted peers.
Most of Scotland’s estimated 4570 pupils with significant sight loss are now educated in mainstream schools.
But while only two per cent of pupils with no additional support needs failed to achieve at least one National 4 qualification, the figure was 20 per cent for those with sight loss.
Likewise, while 92 per cent of pupils with no additional needs achieved at least one National 5, only 64 per cent of those with sight loss did.
And while 71 per cent with no additional needs achieved at least one Higher, only 40 per cent of those with sight loss did.
But RNIB Scotland insisted: “With the right support visual impairment does not have to have an impact on the potential of a pupil to achieve.
“There is no reason why this attainment gap could not be significantly narrowed if the correct provision is in place.”
However, the charity pointed to a 2016 survey that found of the 94 teachers in Scottish schools with, or training to obtain, an additional qualification in teaching children with a visual impairment, their median age was 50, meaning many could soon be retiring.
The charity said that there was little incentive to encourage more teachers to take the additional qualification needed.
Funding, lack of time, and distance from training provision discouraged more teachers from choosing to adopt this specialist role.
To compound the problem, said RNIB Scotland, there is no extra financial incentive either.
In its submission, RNIB Scotland stated: “The Scottish Government should anticipate this potential shortfall and incentivise teachers to obtain the qualification.
“Incentives could include financial support and time out of class in order to study for the qualification.”
RNIB SCotland also called for more training to be given to teachers and classroom assistants generally on how to support pupils with sight loss.
The charity welcomed a recent £15 million funding boost for additional support for learning, but remained concerned that local government cuts could still put budgets at risk.
The charity added: “We urge the Scottish Government to produce an additional support for learning attainment gap strategy to close this unnecessary and shocking gap between pupils with a visual impairment and their sighted peers.”